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The Chemical Educator

ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)

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Abstract Volume 7 Issue 2 (2002) pp 84-89

A Polyaniline-Deposited Nonplatinum Metal as a Potentiometric Sensor—An Inexpensive Alternate to Conventional Platinum for Some Potentiometric Redox Reactions

Kalakodimi Rajendra Prasad and Nookala Munichandraiah*

Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry; Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, INDIA
Received October 18, 2001. Accepted January 11, 2002

Published online: 8 March 2002

Abstract. For the purpose of employing an inexpensive alternative to conventional platinum for use by upper-division as well as graduate students, polyaniline (PANI)-deposited stainless steel (SS) and mild steel (MS) electrodes are described as indicator electrodes for potentiometry and potentiometric titrations of some redox reactions. PANI is deposited on the nonplatinum metal by electrochemical polymerization of aniline using cyclic voltammetric technique. Alternate methods to produce the PANI electrodes are also suggested. The electrodes respond to concentration changes of hydroquinone (H2Q), Fe2+/Fe3+, and [Fe(CN)6]4–/[Fe(CN)6]3– in HCl electrolytes, and the potential variation with concentration follows the Nernst relationship. Under identical experimental conditions, the response time of the PANI/SS, PANI/MS, and Pt electrodes for a change in concentration of Fe3+ in a mixed electrolyte of Fe2+ and Fe3+ is found to be about 20 s. Neutralization reaction of HCl versus NaOH, redox reaction of Fe2+ and Ce4+, and redox reaction of Fe2+ and KMnO4 in several concentrations in the range from 1 mM to 100 mM are carried out using the PANI/SS, PANI/MS, and Pt indicator electrodes. The performance of the PANI/SS and PANI/MS electrodes is as good as that of the Pt at all concentration levels of the titrations. The electrodes can be reused for several titrations by storing them in an acid electrolyte for a long period of time. Thus, the conventional inert Pt or Au can be substituted for by using a PANI-deposited nonplatinum reactive metal as a potentiometric sensor for redox titrations.

Key Words:  Laboratories and Demonstrations; analytical chemistry; electrochemistry; quantitative analysis; redox reactions

(*) Corresponding author. (E-mail:

Article in PDF format (331KB) HTML format

Supporting Materials:

Data of Potentiometric Titrations (PDF file 351KB) 10.1007/s00897020540b

Issue date: April 5, 2002

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