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The Chemical Educator

ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)

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Abstract Volume 8 Issue 1 (2003) pp 10-12

The Covalent Bond Examined Using the Virial Theorem

Frank Rioux

Department of Chemistry, St. Johnís University and College of St. Benedict, St., Joseph, MN 56374,
Received November 11, 2002. Accepted December 7, 2002

Published online: 15 January 2003

Abstract. The chemical bond is a concept of unique importance in chemistry that students first study seriously in a college or university general chemistry course. At first glance, the descriptions of covalent bond formation found in general chemistry texts seem plausible and comprehensible; however, when they are examined more carefully, it is found that they violate both classical and quantum mechanical principles.

Key Words:  In the Classroom; physical chemistry; quantum mechanics; bonding

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