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The Chemical Educator

ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)

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Abstract Volume 11 Issue 6 (2006) pp 437-444

Heavy Hydrogen, Geophysics, and Planetary Science: A Retrospective View of Harold C. Urey (1893–1981) on the 75th Anniversary of His Discovery of Deuterium and the 25th Anniversary of His Death

George B. Kauffman*

Department of Chemistry, California State University, Fresno, Fresno, CA 93740-8034,

Published online: 1 December 2006

Abstract. On the occasion of the 75th anniversary of his discovery of deuterium and the 25th anniversary of his death, this article summarizes the life and career of Harold Clayton Urey (1893–1981), with emphasis on deuterium and his 1934 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, work on the Manhattan Project, paleotemperatures, cosmochemistry, planetary science, the origin of the universe and of life in it, and the Miller–Urey experiment.

Key Words: Chemistry and History; biography

(*) Corresponding author. (E-mail:

Article in PDF format (156 KB) HTML format

Issue date: December 1, 2006

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