The Chemical Educator
ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)
Abstract Volume 12
Issue 6 (2007) pp 411-413
Construction of a Simple Myoglobin-Based Optical Biosensor
Todd A. Wells
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University
Denver, Denver, CO, 80208, email@example.com
Published online: 7 October 2007
Abstract. Optical biosensors exploit the theoretical and instrumental approaches of spectroscopy and the unique properties of biological molecules. We present here the design and construction of a simple inexpensive optical biosensor. The sensor is based on an LED colorimeter and polymer entrapped myoglobin. Myoglobin’s absorbance maximum is sensitive to ligand binding. Moreover, the overlap of its absorbance spectrum with the emission of a green LED increases with cyanide binding. The sensors response was linear at least in the range of 50 to 200 mM cyanide. The experiment is appropriate for introductory chemistry, environmental chemistry, instrumental analysis, and biochemistry students. It was initially developed for a summer program with advanced high school students.
Key Words: Laboratories and Demonstrations; general chemistry; instrumental analysis; biochemistry
(*) Corresponding author. (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Supporting Materials:Detailed student handouts for the construction of the optical biosensor are available in a Zip file (114 KB).
Issue date: December