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The Chemical Educator

ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)

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Abstract Volume 14 Issue 1 (2009) pp 1-3

Excel Simulations of Games: An Introduction to Kinetics and Equilibrium Concepts

Don Lewis, Vladimir M. Petruševski,‡* Carlos Alexander Trujillo§

Bandera Texas, USA,, Institute of Chemistry, Ss. Cyril & Methodius University, Republic of Macedona,, Departamento de Quimica, Universidad National de Columbia, Cuidad Universiaria, Cra. 30 45-03, Bogotá, Colombia§
Received April 15, 2008. Accepted November 18, 2008.

Published online: 2 February 2009

Abstract. Basic concepts relating to rate, rate constant, and equilibrium can be taught using games. One drawback in using such games with student-acquired data is the time consumed in performing the game activity. Excel programs using Excel’s random number capabilities can produce game results in the few seconds it takes to scroll through the data for a view of the averaged results, graphs and empirical equations describing some aspect of the game. Four games are described. Excel programs used to simulate the four games are provided in the supporting material.

Key Words: In the Classroom; general chemistry, kinetics, equilibrium

(*) Corresponding author. (E-mail:

Article in PDF format (106 KB) HTML format

Supporting Materials:

The four Excel files referring to each of the games discussed are included as supporting material (22 KB).

Issue date: February 21, 2009

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