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The Chemical Educator

ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)

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Abstract Volume 14 Issue 3 (2009) pp 91-95

Matrix Formulation of Complex Equilibria and Acid–Base Equilibria by Use of the Extent of Reaction

Torben Birk

University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5 DK-2100, Copenhagen,
Received December 10, 2008 Accepted May 20, 2009.

Published online: 6 June 2009

Abstract. Equilibria considerations are an integrated part of all higher chemistry education. This article deals with a compact formalism to treat complicated equilibrium systems of, for example, acid–base and complex equilibria through a matrix formulation based on the extent of reaction.

Key Words: In the Classroom; analytic chemistry; advanced chemistry; extent of reaction; equilibrium; stoichiometry; acids/base calculation

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Issue date: June 6, 2009

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