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The Chemical Educator

ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)

Table of Contents

Abstract Volume 15 (2010) pp 281-284

Applying Psuedo-First-Order Methodology to Study Ni-PADA Ligand Substitution with Ammonia: A Laboratory Experiment

Timothy L. Sorey*, Anthony Diaz, and Terry A. Helland

Central Washington University, Department of Chemistry, 400 E. University Way, Ellensburg, WA, 98926-7539, SoreyT@cwu.EDU
Received November 10, 2009. March 17, 2010.

Published: 31 July 2010

Abstract. This physical/inorganic chemistry laboratory experiment introduces metal-ligand substitution reactions and spectroscopic determination of forward and reverse rate constants. First, students study various forward and reverse rate constants of reversible first order reactions by applying mathematical models in EXCEL. Then, students apply pseudo first order methodology, reacting excess ammonia with aqueous Ni(II)-pyridine-2-azo-p-dimethylaniline in the formation of hexaaminenickel(II) ion. Using a MicroLAB FS-522 16 wavelength spectrometer, students acquire and analyze data to solve for Ni(II)-PADA and PADA concentrations. Finally, students apply EXCEL SOLVER in determination of forward and reverse rate constants. This guided-inquiry lab was performed in an integrated senior level physical-inorganic chemistry lab.

Key Words: Laboratories and Demonstrations; physical chemistry; ligand substitution reaction; spectroscopy; math modeling; micro-computer-based lab; Ni-PADA complex; EXCEL and SOLVER add-in

(*) Corresponding author. (E-mail: SoreyT@cwu.EDU)

Article in PDF format (194 KB) HTML format

Supporting Materials:

An expanded version of experimental procedures for the students, notes for the instructor, and sample student data are available (367 KB).

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