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The Chemical Educator

ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)

Table of Contents

Abstract Volume 17 (2012) pp 206-210
DOI 10.1007/s00897122448

Curved Arrows Convention in an Introductory Organic Chemistry Course

Olivia Lin Smith and Veljko Dragojlovic*,†

†Wilkes Honors College of Florida Atlantic University, 5353 Parkside Drive, Jupiter, FL 33458,; ‡Charles E. Smith College of Biomedical Science, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL 33431
Received March 14, 2012. Accepted August 10, 2012.

Published: 5 October 2012

Abstract. Curved arrows is a concept that organic chemistry students often find difficult to understand and apply. In an effort to address this problem, we carried out a study to identify difficulties and misconceptions students exhibit early in the course. We provide a series of exercises and strategies that may help instructors and students.

Key Words: In the Classroom; organic chemistry; mechanisms of reactions; resonance theory

(*) Corresponding author. (E-mail:

Article in PDF format (63 KB) HTML format

Supporting Materials:

Additional student exercises and our advice for students and instructors are provided as supporting information (130 KB).

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