TCE ForumWhats NewSearchOrders


The Chemical Educator

ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)

Table of Contents

Abstract Volume 19 (2014) pp 236-240

“Available Chlorine” In Household Bleaches by Using a New and Easy Spectrophotometric Method

Florencia Caucino, Ruth Calderón, Gimena Montes Spinsanti, and Andrés Ciolino*

Departamento de Ingeniería Química (DIQ) – Universidad Nacional del Sur (UNS) – Avda. Alem 1253 (8000), Bahía Blanca, Argentina,
Received March 19, 2014. Accepted May 13, 2014.

Published: 11 July 2014

Abstract. In this communication, an alternative method to determine the “available chlorine” in household bleach, based on the reaction of a known quantity of bleach with a standardized CuSO4.5H2O aqueous solution is proposed. The alkaline media of the bleach can promote the formation of both hydroxyl cupric sulfate and cupric hydroxide, which form a solid mixture that can be separated by filtration. Since the [Cu(H2O)6]2+(aq) complex has a maximum of absorbance at 815 nm, the remaining [Cu(H2O)6]2+(aq) complex in solution after the addition of the bleach can be obtained by spectrophotometric analysis. By using these measurements and the stoichiometry of the process, the “available chlorine” concentration in the household bleach can be easily estimated, in a fast and reliable fashion. The values obtained for different samples of commercial household bleaches by using this methodology were compared with those obtained with the standard sodium thiosulfate titration method. The differences between the values obtained, considering the titration method as the true value, were less than 2 %. Consequently, the spectrophotometric method presented in this communication offers the possibility of comparing the results with other well-established methods, and combines elegantly stoichiometry calculations and spectrophotometry measurements in one laboratory activity.

Key Words: Laboratories and Demonstrations; general chemistry; household bleaches; available chlorine; absorbance; Lambert-Beer Law

(*) Corresponding author. (E-mail:

Article in PDF format (221 KB) HTML format


The Chemical Educator 1996-2017