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The Chemical Educator

ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)

Table of Contents

Abstract Volume 19 (2014) pp 319-326

Nobel Prizes During World War I (1914–1918), Part 1: Theodore W. Richards

George B. Kauffman*and Jean-Pierre Adloff

Department of Chemistry, California State University, Fresno, Fresno, CA 93740-8034,; Honorary Professor, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France F-67100,

Published: 20 October 2014

Abstract. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 1914 was awarded to Theodore William Richards (1868–1928) of Harvard University “in recognition of his accurate determinations of the atomic weights of a large number of chemical elements,” 25 in all. Richards received the Nobel Prize one year later, on November 1915 and was the first American Nobel chemistry laureate. Richards’ professional and personal life and career with an emphasis on his work on atomic weights, isotopes, atomic compressibility, and physical chemistry are discussed.

Key Words: Chemistry and History; Nobel Prizes; World War I; Biography; History of Chemistry; Atomic Weights; Isotopes; Harvard University; Physical Chemistry; Radioactivity; Mental Illness; Suicide

(*) Corresponding author. (E-mail:

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