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The Chemical Educator

ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)

Table of Contents

Abstract Volume 20 (2015) pp 167-175

Kekulé’s Hexagonal Structure for Benzene: A Sesquicentennial Retrospective View

George B. Kauffman*and Jean-Pierre Adloff

Department of Chemistry, California State University, Fresno, Fresno, CA 93740-8034,; Honorary Professor, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France F-67100,

Published: 2 July 2015

Abstract. In 1865, 150 years ago, German chemist August Kekulé(1829–1996) proposed the cyclohexatriene structure for benzene.Kekulé’s life and career with an emphasis on his theoretical and experimental research on benzene are discussed in this article.

Key Words: Chemistry and History; organic chemistry; biography; history of chemistry; aromatic chemistry; benzene; structural chemistry; theoretical chemistry; experimental chemistry; dreams in science.

(*) Corresponding author. (E-mail:

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