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The Chemical Educator

ISSN: 1430-4171 (electronic version)

Table of Contents

Abstract Volume 23 (2018) pp 124-128

A Virtual Reality PID Simulator: Simultaneous Level, Temperature, and Concentration Control in a Continuously Stirred Tank System

Nikos J. Papadopoulos* and Andreas Jannakoudakis

Department of Chemistry, School of sciences, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece,
Received March 6, 2018. Accepted June 5, 2018.

Published: 3 July 2018

Abstract. A virtual reality computer program is presented, that simulates an automated process control experiment. Simulated experiments can be used as a replacement of laboratory experiments that involve expensive equipment. Virtual reality experiments reflect correctly the time evolution of a phenomenon, and reproduce accurately the key aspects of a real experiment.

Key Words: Laboratories and Demonstrations; analytical chemistry; chemical instrumentation; automated process control; PID; virtual reality

(*) Corresponding author. (E-mail:

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